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Originally posted by me on Sewing.com in 2001.

By following along with this project, you will learn how to construct a piece of Cathedral Window fabric to enlarge into a quilt, to use for a vest back, to make craft items, or whatever you wish to do. You will combine machine stitching and hand stitching for a colorful and extremely portable project. This is a very old fashioned and traditional design that looks a lot harder than it really is. You can make pieces assembly line style in a few hours on your machine, and set them aside for sewing by hand at your leisure on vacation, while travelling or watching television, or just during a quiet time.

It's easy to work in groups of 9 squares as the units are 3x3. You can cut as many squares as you like out of muslin or any other fabric to make the windows themselves. We chose 8-1/2" prewashed and pressed unbleached muslin.

Go to the sewing machine. Fold each square in half and stitch a 1/4" seam from the folded to the raw edge.

Continue sewing the folded squares one after the other in a chain to save a little time and thread.

When you have completed the stack of squares, snip the length of folded and stitched squares into individual pieces again, turn them over, and stitch closed the opposite side. Again, stitch from the fold to the raw edge and use a chain type of sewing.

Trim the corners of the completed rectangles. (The photo does not show trimmed corners.) Fold the seamed edge of the resultant rectangle to meet the opposite seamed edge, right sides together. Place a pin at the junction of the seamlines.

Stitch the folded upon itself rectangle, leaving an approximately 1" opening for turning.

Taking care not to stretch and distort the fabric, turn the square inside out (seams inside), shaping and sharpening the corners. Press the square. Do not iron - press only. Please note that the "straight" edges are now on the bias of the fabric.

Slip stitch the opening used for turning closed. (This will not show on the finished product.)

As shown in the picture, turn one corner to the center and press.

Continue to turn the corners in and press. You can pin the corners down at this point and tack the center later or move on in the project.

For our project, we're going to add a button to the back of each square.

To tack the four corners down and to stitch the button on, take care to catch the corners on one side while putting thread through the holes of the button on the other side of the square. The goal is to secure the button and tack down the four corners. The tacking of the corners will show on the finished product, so do this with a truly complementary thread and tidy stitching.

As mentioned above, we're going to work in groups of 3, so complete three units/squares as noted.

Button sides together, pin squares and slip stitch them one to the other. This stitching will not show in the finished product.

Sew three rows of 3 squares together as above (button sides together, pin, and slip stitch). Again, the stitching will not show on the finished project.

Pin an approximately 2" square of fabric to each window on the non-button side of the growing "quilt".

Turn down the edges of the "windows". This is a bias piece of fabric and will curve naturally as shown. I usually pin down each piece to hold it in place while I work. The pinning does not provide an exact window frame for you, but it does provide a guide as you blind stitch/hem stitch the frame to the colorful fabric window.

Continue to pin the frames of the windows to the window fabric.

NOTE: Nine squares of fabric prepared as above create 12 panes for windows.

Following the blue line in the photo, hem stitch or blind stitch the frame to the window fabric. Try NOT to go through all layers of fabric; the windows should "float". This isn't a hard and fast rule; you may want the windows to not float if you're using the fabric for a vest or other garment. The traditional Cathedral Window, though, has stitching going through the window and the window frame only.

With button sides together, attach 9-square components together into larger and larger arrangments, attaching a new colorful square of fabric to the resulting windows on the "window side" of the fabric. Some ideas for use of this fabric are - eyeglass case, quilt for baby or lap or bed, tote bag or purse, vest or other garment, pillows and pillow shams; the list is endless. If you are going to make something other than a throw or quilt out of the fabric you create with Cathedral Windows, don't use buttons or decorative items on the back; they won't show. Experiment with rectangles of fabric rather than squares or sewing the squares together by machine. From this point forward, your imagination is your guide. Go for some fun and break a few rules.

Updates: Below are a few examples of other Cathedral Window projects I've done. I'm currently working on one with M&Ms fabric!

The material above was used to create a wall hanging that is in my sewing room:
This is a doll quilt that started with 6" squares of fabric. It was donated and given away in a drawing for charity.
This one is not my favorite, but I was thinking outside of the box and used some blue floral fabric for the pane fabric and lace for the windows. I only used this method this one time.
I've been collecting black and white fabrics for years. This is a personal full sized quilt now that we use in the family room for staying warm on cold days. Junk jeans are fun to work with!
This is another doll quilt with muslin panes and Paddington Bear fabric as the window.
This is also a doll quilt and the windows in this are red, white, and blue placed in a diagonal design. Though hard to see, each of the darker fabrics is an American flag.

Updated 11/08/10